Mozart Matinee #35
- Date and
Saturday 6 October 2018
Start at 11:00
- Conductor= Hubert Soudant
Orchestra= Tokyo Symphony Orchestra
« All Mozart Program »
Symphony No. 38 in D major "Prague" K. 504
Symphony No. 34 in C major K. 338
Nursery Service (special discount)
Children under 6 are not admitted.
|All reserved seating||U25 (7 - 25)|
Tuesday 23 January 2018
Muza Kawasaki Symphony Hall Ticket Center
(Phone: 10:00 - 18:00 / In Person: 10:00 - 19:00)
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- Ticket Pia 0570-02-9999 (P-code:100-602)
- Lawson 0570-000-407
- Kanagawa Art Association 045-453-5080
MUZA Kawasaki Symphony Hall Ticket Center 044-520-0200 (10:00~18:00)
Programme Notes by Akitsugu Sano
W. A. Mozart: Symphony No. 38 in D major "Prague" K. 504
This symphony is known as “Prague”. This title comes from the fact that this symphony was first performed in this city and was well received there. At that time Mozart was popular in Prague.
After the premiere of his opera “The Marriage of Figaro” in May 1786 in Vienna, the opera was favorably received in Prague. In December Mozart received an invitation to a performance of the opera in Prague, and on January 1787 he visited Prague again. Then at a concert on 19th January, he conducted his Symphony No. 38, which was composed on December 1786. Though it is not clear if this symphony was composed for the performance in Prague, this symphony became very popular in this city. Also, after the first performance, this symphony was frequently performed in Prague.
Many symphonies at that time consisted of four movements, but Mozart’s Symphony No. 38 consists of three movements without a minuet.
The first movement begins with a solemn introduction. After this slow introduction the tempo becomes suddenly rapid, and a vivid first theme is exposed. For this theme, a melody with dotted notes is played by bassoons and horns, and the similarity of this melody with “You shall go no more (Non più andrai)” from “The Marriage of Figaro” is often commented upon. The second theme has a calm character, in contrast to the first theme. In the middle of the movement, previously used melodies are developed, and after a return of the above-mentioned two themes, the movement ends.
The second movement also consists of two themes, and both of them are calm and elegant. But in-between the appearance of them both, suddenly a melody in a minor key appears with forte mark. In the middle of the movement, a grievous melody and contrasts between forte and piano bring dramatic effects. Then, by the recapitulation of the two themes calm is restored, and the movement ends tranquilly.
In the third movement, the tempo is consistently rapid. The first theme begins with a light melody, and this opening is similar to the duet of Susanna with Cherubino “Open quickly, open (Aprite, presto, aprite)” from the Act 2 of “The Marriage of Figaro”. But this theme is modulated to a minor key, and the music becomes tense soon after. Then, a second theme in a major key appears and calm is restored. In the middle of this movement, the first theme is developed and after the recapitulation of the two themes, the first theme once more appears at the end.
W. A. Mozart: Symphony No. 34 in C major K. 338
During his lifetime, Mozart composed many Symphonies. Among them, Symphony No. 34 was composed in Salzburg.
From early 1779 to the summer of 1781 he served at the Court of the archbishop in Salzburg. In this period of employment Mozart composed many of his outstanding works; e. g. Serenade (K. 320), Divertimento (K. 334), Concerto for two Pianos, Sinfonia concertante for violin and viola, and so on. While composing these works, Mozart also composed three symphonies. Symphony No. 34 is the last work among them, and had been composed at the end of the August 1780, one year before he left Salzburg. The date of the premier is not clear. Mozart conducted the concerts of the Court from the 2nd to 4th September 1780. It is guessed that this symphony was performed on one of these days.
Like Symphony No. 38, this symphony also consists of three movements without minuet. From the research on the manuscript, it is thought that Mozart would, as a second movement, compose a minuet, but for some reason omitted it.
The first movement begins with a heroic theme like a march. After a vigorous melody played by instruments including brass and timpani, there appears the new theme with a graceful and light melody. After this theme, again the music becomes vigorous like the first theme. In the middle of the movement, a melody in the minor key brings tension. Then, after a dialogue between violin and oboe, the two themes reappear. This movement ends vigorously with the first theme.
The second movement is a slow movement with simple orchestration. In this movement, only the strings and bassoons are used. The atmosphere is elegant throughout the movement. But the ornamention in the melody (especially at the opening of first theme) and the borrowing of chords from minor keys make the melodies expressive.
The third movement is like dance music with a rapid tempo (Allegro vivace). In this movement wind instruments and timpani are again used, and the whole orchestra plays rhythmical and energetic melodies. The melodies are mainly played by the violins, but often passages played by two oboes appear and bring beautiful timbres to the work.
Born in Maastricht, Hubert Soudant won numerous first prizes at several international competitions, such as International Conductors Competition of Karajan in Berlin, Competition of Cantelli in Milano, Concours International de Besancon.
Whether it is a concert or an opera, Hubert Soudant conducts the most prestigious European orchestras such as the Berliner Philharmoniker, the London Philharmonic Orchestra, London Symphony Orchestra, the Bamberg Symphony Orchestra, the Vienna Symphony Orchestra, Munich Philharmonic, Stuttgart Radio Symphony Orchestra, Hamburg Radio Orchestra, Frankfurt Rundfunk Orchestra,the Dusseldorf Symphony Orchestra, Dresdner Staatskapelle, K.B.S. Symphony Orchestra of Seoul, Sydney Symphony Orchestra, Orquesta Sinfonica de Madrid, National Orchestra of Paris and a great part of the Italian orchestras, such as Orchestra della Scala di Milano, Santa Cecilia in Rome.
As an opera conductor he conducted operas almost all over the world ? among others at the Theatre de la Bastille and almost all Italian opera houses like Parma, Catania, Palermo, Trieste, Bologna, including the Scala di Milano. He participates also prestigious international festivals, such as the Spring Festival of Prague, the Bruckner Festival of Linz, the Salzburg Festival, the Mozart Festival Salzburg, Wiener Festwochen, Mostly Mozart Festival in New York, Spoleto Festival and Ravenna Festival.
Hubert Soudant was the principal guest conductor of Melbourne Symphony Orchestra, and the Music Director of Radio France Nouvelle Orchestre Philharmonique, Utrecht Symphony Orchestra, l’Orchestra Toscanini of Parma, Orchestre National des Pays de la Loire, Mozarteum Orchestra of Salzburg, and Tokyo Symphony Orchestra in Japan. From 2014 season, he became the conductor laureate for Tokyo Symphony Orchestra.
At the Mozart Festival Salzburg 2003 he conducted “Cosi fan tutte” and at the Salzburg Festival “Jeanne D’arc au Bucher” by Arthur Honegger. For the opening of the Italian opera season 2006, he conducted “Don Giovanni” with Franco Zeffirelli as director. In April/May 2006, at the New National Theater in Tokyo he successfully conducted “Titus” which was selected to be the best opera performance of the year. At la Fenice in 2007, Hubert Soudant conducted “Erwartung” by Arnold Schonberg, which was received with greatest ovations. Hubert Soudant is to be regular guest of this opera house in the future.
He recorded Tchaikovsky’s symphonies no. 4, 5 and 6, Tchaikovsky’s Violin concerto as well as Liszt’sPiano concertos for which he received Grand Prix du disque from the Liszt Society in Budapest with London Philharmonic Orchestra for Pye Records. Ravel Cantatas with the Bamberg Symphony Orchestra for Rizzoli Records, Compositions of French composers with French National Orchestra of Pays de la Loire for Forlan Records, Mozart Symphonies, Bruckner Symphonies no. 4 and 9, Beethoven piano Concertos no.1, 2, 3,4 and 5 with Valery Affanasiev and the Mozarteum Orchestra for Oehms Records.
In July 2004, Hubert Soudant was honoured by the city of Salzburg “The Ring of the city of Salzburg” for his outstanding achievements and with the “Golden Cross of Honour” from the region of Salzburg.
In March 2009, Hubert Soudant and The Tokyo Symphony Orchestra were awarded as “Best Concert Performance by Japanese Artist” at the 21st Music Pen Club Japan Awards which was given for the Schubert cycle during the 2008-09 season. This cycle was highly praised by numerous newspapers and magazines such as “the most ripened fruit in 2008”, “exceptional well-balanced performance”.
His recording with The Tokyo Symphony Orchestra, Bruckner’s Symphony No.7, won Best Recording by Japanese Artist at the 22nd Music Pen Club Japan Awards announced on February 1st, 2010. His newest recordings (Tokyo Symphony Orchestra) with Bruckner’s Symphony No. 7 & No. 8, as well as Schumann’s complete Symphonies, have been hailed by the media.
Besides of his activities with the Tokyo Symphony Orchestra and Hyogo Performing Arts Center Orchestra in Japan, Hubert Soudant looks forward to a series of concerts with Europe’s most outstanding orchestras as well as to many invitations to International Festivals.